통일연구원퀵메뉴 KINU 한반도동향 온라인시리즈 전자도서관 새창이동 연구과제제안

홈 연구원소식 공지사항 공지사항

공지사항

프린터

공지사항 상세보기
제목 WEEK IN REVIEW (2001.9.7)
작성일 2001-09-11 조회 2527
첨부파일


NORTHEAST ASIA PEACE AND SECURITY NETWORK
***** WEEK IN REVIEW *****

September 07, 2001

The NAPSNet Week in Review highlights the major issues of the preceding week,
providing links to relevant items in the NAPSNet Daily Report, Special
Reports,
Nuclear Policy Project Weekly Flash and the South Asian Nuclear Dialogue
Weekly
Update. The Week in Review also includes links to other relevant sources of
analysis.

A web version is available at:
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/wir2001/0810.html

Send any comments to the NAPSNet Coordinator at:
napsnet@nautilus.org

In this Report:
*Korea
1. Trilateral Coordination Talks
2. Inter-Korean Talks
3. Inter-Korean Relations
4. DPRK´s Possibility in Attending APEC
5. DPRK Food Aid
6. US Forces in ROK
7. New ROK Ambassador to PRC
*China
1. PRC-DPRK Relations
2. PRC Missile Development
3. Sino-US Missile Defense Talks
4. Sino-US Missile Defense Policy
5. Cross-Strait Relations
*Japan
1. Japan-US security cooperation
2. Security Policy of Self Defense Force
3. Self Defense Forces
*South Asia
1. India Security Policies
2. US-India Relations
3. PRC-India Relations
4. Pakistan-India Relations
5. India Arms Acquisitions
6. Pakistan Security Policies
7. Pakistan Policies Toward Afghanistan
8. PRC-Pakistan Relations
9. Russia-Pakistan Relations
10. Kashmir Diplomacy
11. Analysis on Kashmir
12. Sri Lankan Diplomacy
*Nuclear Weapons and Missile Defense
1. South Asia Nuclear Policy
2. Pan-Asia Nuclear Policy
3. US Missile Defense
4. Indian Missile Defense
5. Regional Strategic Relations
6. US Non-Proliferation Policy

**Korea

1. Trilateral Coordination Talks

The US, Japan, and the ROK released a joint statement from the
Trilateral Oversight and Coordination Group Meeting on September 6 which
said the US is prepared to undertake serious discussions with North
Korea without preconditions. The US expressed its hope that North
Korea would positively respond to its call at an early date for
discussions. The Tokyo meeting of the delegations from the three
countries reviewed the situation on the Korean Peninsula, and shared
information on the status of their respective bilateral relations with
the DPRK.

Trilateral Coordination Group Statement (NAPSNet Daily Report, Sept.
7, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item1
Trilateral Talks on DPRK (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 5, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP05.html#item7

2. Inter-Korean Talks

The DPRK accepted an ROK proposal Thursday to hold talks next week. The
ROK made the proposal in a telephone call through its liaison office at
Panmunjom. The Yonhap news agency reported that ROK deputy foreign
minister Yim Sung-joon, said Thursday that the two sides should discuss
easy issues such as family reunions and economic issues. However,
ROK´s chief presidential spokesman Park Joon-young told foreign
journalists they might also military issues. Also Thursday, Japan said
it planned to send a government mission to the DPRK next week to make
sure that rice it has donated to country is fairly distributed.

Inter-Korean Talks (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item1
ROK-DPRK Talks (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 7, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item9
Inter-Korean Working-Level Talks (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6,
ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item6
Inter-Korean Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, PRC)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item8

3. Inter-Korean Relations

ROK Foreign Minister Han Seung-soo said Wednesday that ROK President Kim
Dae-jung´s engagement policy toward the DPRK is the best option,
despite political turmoil that has weakened his mandate. Han said the
ROK government would strive to insulate inter-Korean ties from political
problems at home. The ROK National Assembly voted on September 4 for
the dismissal of ROK Unification Minister Lim Dong-won, who had been
criticized by opposition lawmakers as too lenient toward the DPRK
government. The vote broke up Kim´s ruling coalition because its junior
partner, the United Liberal Democrats, sided with the opposition and
voted against Lim.

Inter-Korean Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 5, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP05.html#item1
Inter-Korean Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item8
ROK Sunshine Policy (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 5, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP05.html#item6

4. DPRK´s Attendance at APEC

ROK Foreign Minister Han Seung-soo said Thursday that the ROK does not
support the idea of a possible visit by DPRK leader Kim Jong-il to
Shanghai for the summit of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
forum next month, if it is pushed as an alternative to his promised
visit to Seoul for a second inter-Korean summit. Technical difficulties
notwithstanding, Han said that the idea is unrealistic because the
North Korean leader has nothing substantial to gain from attending the
APEC summit. The PRC Foreign Ministry did not confirm whether Jiang
invited Kim to the APEC summit.

DPRK´s Possibility in Attending APEC (NAPSNet Daily Report, September
6, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item10

5. DPRK Food Aid

The DPRK´s official Korean Central News Agency reported on September 6
that the PRC promised during a presidential trip to the DPRK to give the
nation 200,000 tons of food and 30,000 tons of diesel fuel. Official
PRC media had mentioned the food grants repeatedly during PRC President
Jiang Zemin´s trip to the DPRK this week, but had not said how much aid
was involved. KCNA said the said the gift was in connection with the
damage caused by an unprecedentedly long spell of drought that hit it
this spring.

DPRK Food Aid (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 7, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item2

6. US Forces in ROK

The DPRK Foreign Ministry issued a statement overnight by the Korea
Central News Agency which called on the US to withdraw its forces from
the ROK. The DPRK blamed the tough and hostile US Bush administration
policies for stalled inter-Korean relations. It also said that The
Bush administration defined the DPRK as the ´No. 1 enemy´ and is
unilaterally forcing it to ´reduce conventional force´ in a bid to
disarm and stifle it by force. A commentary in the DPRK´s Rodong
Shinmun also attacked US military proposals to shift the emphasis of US
security policy to Asia from Europe.

US Forces in ROK (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 7, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item3

7. New ROK Ambassador to PRC

In a Cabinet reshuffle, ROK President Kim Dae-jung appointed Hong Soon-
young, a 64-year-old career diplomat and former foreign minister who has
been serving as ambassador to the PRC, as Unification Minister on
Friday. Hong told Associated Press Television News in Beijing that the
inter-Korean talks slated September 15 might provide some stimulus to
the resumption of dialogue between North Korea and the United States.

New ROK Ambassador to PRC (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 7, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item4

**China

1. PRC-DPRK Relations

PRC President Jiang Zemin declared renewed confidence in PRC relations
with the DPRK after his first visit to the nation. The PRC´s official
Xinhua News Agency cited Jiang as saying in a message of thanks to Kim,
The Chinese side is fully confident in the long-term and steady
development of ties with the DPRK. Liu Hongcai and Wang Jiarui, two
officials who accompanied Jiang, said the three formal meetings and
several informal discussions between the two leaders furthered what they
called the crucial relationship between the countries.

DPRK-PRC Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 5, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP05.html#item2
DPRK-PRC Talks (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 4, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP04.html#item1
PRC-DPRK Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item9
DPRK-PRC Summit Talks (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 5, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP05.html#item9

2. PRC Missile Development

US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said on September 6 that the PRC
strategic missile buildup reflects the PRC´s seriousness of purpose in
becoming a global power. Rumsfeld said that intelligence and press
reports show that the PRC has been building up its military forces with
spending increases for defense in double-digit percentage ranges of
its overall government spending for the past several years. He added
that PRC writings and statements about their military show a high
degree of compatibility between what they´re saying and what they´re
doing militarily.

US Analysis of PRC Missile Buildup (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 7,
US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item4

The Washington Times said that US intelligence agencies detected the PRC
military´s formation of the first missile units equipped with Dong Feng-
31 missiles in July, and the US Defense Department believes the first
missiles will be fielded by the end of the year. According to US
intelligence officials, an additional flight test is expected in the
near future. Officials said one classified US intelligence report
concluded that the DF-31 will have its first operational capability by
the end of the year.

PRC Missile Development (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item2

A PRC diplomat, speaking to reporters at a background briefing, said the
PRC has no plans to test its nuclear weapons. The official said the PRC
is a signator to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and there are other
ways to prove the reliability of nuclear weapons, through computer
simulation. However, the diplomat said, it was reasonable for the PRC to
forge ahead with the modernization of its military, including its
nuclear weapons.

PRC Nuclear Testing (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item3

3. Sino-US Missile Defense Talks

The PRC said on September 6 that its foreign minister, Tang Jiaxuan,
would pay an official visit to the US from September 20 to 21 to discuss
missile proliferation and prepare for a Sino-US summit in October. PRC
Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhu Bangzao told a news conference Tang would
meet US Secretary of State Colin Powell and other US leaders before
attending the UN General Assembly.

Sino-US Missile Defense Talks (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item4
Sino-US Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, RF)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item14
PRC Views on US Missile Defense (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 5,
US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP05.html#item3

PRC Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhu Bangzao said on September 4 that if
the US formally proposes missile defense consultations, the PRC will
seriously consider it. Zhu added that the PRC has no intention of taking
part in any nuclear arms race and does not approve of any country
seeking a strategic edge over others through a nuclear arms race or the
development of missile defense systems.

Sino-US Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, PRC)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item10

4. Sino-US Missile Defense Policy

According to senior US administration officials, the US is seeking to
overcome PRC opposition to its missile defense program by telling PRC
leaders that it has no objections to the country´s plans to build up its
nuclear missiles. One senior official said that in the future, the US
and the PRC might also discuss resuming underground nuclear tests if
they are needed to assure the safety and reliability of their arsenals.
Some administration officials say the purpose of the new approach is to
convince the PRC that the administration´s plans for a missile shield
are not aimed at undercutting the PRC´s arsenal, but rather at
countering threats from so-called rogue states.

New Sino-US Missile Defense Policy
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP04.html#item3

The US Bush administration denied that its plan to update the PRC on US
missile defense plans is a signal that it condones a nuclear weapons
buildup by the PRC. US White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said on
September 2 that the PRC will get an update on the US plans before US
President George W. Bush visits Beijing. Fleischer said the US policy
remains unchanged in discouraging the PRC and other nations from testing
and building nuclear arsenals. He said US officials just want to
convince the PRC and others that US plans for a missile shield would
counter threats from rogue nations rather than compromise their defense
systems.

Reactions to New Sino-US Missile Defense Policy (NAPSNet Daily Report,
September 4, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP04.html#item3

An opinion article by Bates Gill, director of the Brookings Center for
Northeast Asian Policy Studies, and James Mulvenon, an associate
political scientist at RAND said that the announcement and consequent
withdrawal of the US Bush Administration´s statements suggesting that
they were not opposed to the PRC´s increase in its nuclear stockpile
points to the main question of how the US should counter the PRC´s small
nuclear force, in the context of the PRC´s abilities to develop new
weapons and its opposition to missile defense. The article concluded
that it is clearly in the interests of both nations that the PRC
maintain the smallest effective nuclear deterrent possible.

Analysis of Sino-US Nuclear Strategy (NAPSNet Daily Report, September
7, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item6

5. Cross-Strait Relations

Taiwan Foreign Minister Tien Hung-mao said on September 6 that he would
welcome more extensive bilateral talks with the PRC at the Asia-Pacific
Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting under way in Suzhou, PRC. Tien said
a meeting already set for Friday between finance ministers from Taiwan
and the PRC was simply a matter of protocol and that contacts between
the two delegations should be deepened. Tien said that Taiwan´s top
priority must be to step up our efforts to maintain the current balance
of power in order to stabilize the region and keep the peace. In
addition to upgrading relations with the US and Japan, Taiwan was also
striving to obtain sources of military hardware.

Cross-Strait Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 7, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item7

The US was urged again on September 4 by PRC Foreign Ministry spokesman
Zhu Bangzao to adhere to its commitments on the Taiwan question and
contribute to stability across the Taiwan Straits. Zhu made this comment
following a report where a senior official with the US Department of
Defense warned the PRC not to underestimate the US´s determination and
ability in its military involvement in Taiwan.

Sino-US Relations (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 6, PRC)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP06.html#item10

**Japan

1. Japan-US security cooperation

The Japanese Defense Agency outlined an action plan for cooperating with
US forces during foreign attacks on Japan or emergencies in areas
surrounding it. An outline of the scheme is likely to be submitted to
the two plus two meeting of foreign and defense ministers of the two
countries, expected to be held in the US late September. The panel will
study details and update the plans as situations change.

Japan-US security cooperation (NAPSNet Daily Report, September 7,
Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item11

2. Security Policy of Self Defense Force

The Japanese Defense Agency plans to shift priority of its defense
outline from large-scale military invasions by the former Soviet Union
to guerrilla incursions, sea intrusions, nuclear accidents and natural
disasters. The agency also plans to reassign SDF units and reinforce the
SDF´s presence in Okinawa and the southern seas where PRC navy vessels
have often appeared. The agency also must deal with technological
advances in military communications as well as Japan-US joint research
on a missile defense system. The new outline will also respond to public
expectations for the SDF to be sent to areas hit by natural disasters.
SDF participation in UN peacekeeping operations will also be stressed in
the outline.

Security Policy of Self Defense Force (NAPSNet Daily Report, Sept. 7,
Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item12

3. Self Defense Forces

According to declassified US documents, the Japanese Maritime Self
Defense Force ships and aircrafts that participated in a 1984 exercise
with US forces was a de facto violation of the Japanese Constitution.
The participation of MSDF vessels and aircraft under US command is an
instance of the exercise of the right to collective self-defense, which
is prohibited by the Constitution. An aircraft carrier battle group of
the US Seventh Fleet has taken part in the MSDF´s annual fall exercises
since 1984.

Alleged SDF Constitutional Violation (NAPSNet Daily Report, Sept. 7,
Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item13

Between 300 and 400 Ground Self Defense Force troops would go to Ease
Timor next spring to take part in peacekeeping operations, according to
Japanese government sources. The troops will likely to be involved in
road construction and would constitute the first large-scale deployment
of SDF troops on an overseas peacekeeping operation since the mission to
Cambodia in 1992.

SDF´s Peacekeeping Operation in East Timor (NAPSNet Daily Report,
September 7, Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0109/SEP07.html#item15

**South Asia

1. India Security Policies

The Indian government is reportedly enlisting armed forces personnel to
promote key foreign policy goals by making diplomatic contacts with the
militaries of other important countries.

India Security Policies (SANDNet Weekly Update, Vol. 2 #36)
http://www.nautilus.org/sand/index.html#item7

2. US-India Relations

The US and India reportedly have decided to resume their regular
military dialogue.

US-India Relations (SANDNet Weekly Update, Vol. 2 #36)
http://www.nautilus.org/sand/index.html#item8

3. PRC-India Relations

Hua Junduo, the new PRC envoy to India, called for the two countries to
improve relations and solve their boundary dispute. Meanwhile, former
Indian Defence Minister George Fernandes stated that India is neglecting
its border with the PRC .

China-India Relations (SANDNet Weekly Update, Vol. 2 #36)
http://www.nautilus.org/sand/index.html#item9

4. Pakistan-India Relations

An Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) spokesperson rejected
이전글, 다음글 보기
이전글 NAUTILUS DAILY REPORT(2001.9.10-13)
다음글 NAUTILUS DAILY REPORT(2001.9.4-9.7))