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제목 NAUTILUS DAILY REPORT(2001.9.10-13)
작성일 2001-09-14 조회 2753
For Monday, September 10, 2001, from Berkeley, California, USA

See the Nautilus Institute´s newest Nuclear Policy web page,
Partnership for Peace: Building Long-term Security Cooperation in
Northeast Asia

This week on the Nautilus homepage:
* PRIME signs on as NAPSNet partner for Japan
* Nautilus explores ethical governance role for California in
international trade and investment regimes
* Boosters graduate after final summer overnighter aboard Pegasus

North Asia Peace and Security Network Program Officer
South Asia Network Program Officer

In today´s Report:
I. United States
1. DPRK-US Talks
2. Remains of US Soldiers from Korean War
3. DPRK, PRC Missile Transfer to Iran
4. PRC-Russia Space Deal
5. PRC Response to US Missile Defense
6. Cross-Strait Relations
7. US-Japan Treaty Anniversary
II. Republic of Korea
1. ROK-DPRK Talks
2. DPRK Arms Control
3. US-ROK Military Sales
III. Japan
1. Japan-ROK Relations
2. Japan-PRC Relations

I. United States

1. DPRK-US Talks

The Associated Press (Christopher Torchia, SOUTH KOREA APPEALS TO NORTH
KOREA, Seoul, 9/9/01) reported that ROK Foreign Minister Han Seung-soo
urged the DPRK on September 9 to resume negotiations with the US as soon
as possible. Han told ROK station Arirang TV, We hope that they will
take up that initiative as early as possible. The ball is on the North
Korean side. We do not have any difference of opinion as far as inter-
Korean relations are concerned. We hope that this fact should be known
to the DPRK. The Yonhap news agency reported that ROK President Kim
Dae-jung said on September 8 that negotiators at the ROK talks next
weekend will work toward an agreement on reconnecting a cross-border

2. Remains of US Soldiers from Korean War

CHOSIN, 9/10/01) reported that US and DPRK teams will begin this week
to try to recover the remains of nearly 1,000 US soldiers who died in
the battle of the Chosin Reservoir. US officials said that the site,
125 miles northeast of Pyongyang, is twice as deep into the nation as
other missions allowed by DPRK since 1996. The US Defense Department
has stressed to the DPRK the need to provide adequate communications and
medical evacuation if needed for the 14 US researchers at their base
camp. The recovery mission ends October 2, but another team is
scheduled to work for 30 more days. [Ed. note: This article appeared in
the US Department of Defense´s Early Bird news service for September 10,

3. DPRK, PRC Missile Transfer to Iran

Washington, 9/7/01) reported that US Central Intelligence Agency
Director George Tenet told the US Congress on September 7 that Russian,
DPRK, and PRC entities supplied fresh ballistic missile-related
equipment and know-how to Iran last year, moving it toward self-
sufficiency in long-range missile production. Tenet said, During the
second half of 2000, entities in Russia, North Korea, and China
continued to supply crucial ballistic missile-related equipment,
technology and expertise to Iran. He added that during the last six
months of the year, the PRC, like Russia, continued to take a very
narrow interpretation of its bilateral nonproliferation commitments with
the United States. Tenet said that despite last November´s pledge not
to assist, in any way, any country in the development of ballistic
missiles that can be used to deliver nuclear weapons, PRC entities,
unnamed in the report´s unclassified version, provided Pakistan with
missile-related technical assistance in the second half of last year.
The report said that the DPRK, for its part, continued to export
significant ballistic missile-related equipment, components, materials
and technical know-how to counties in the Middle East, South Asia and
North Africa last year.

4. PRC-Russia Space Deal

Florida Today (Steven Siceloff, RUSSIA-CHINA DEAL MAKES NASA UNEASY,
9/10/01) reported that an emerging relationship between Russian and PRC
space agencies has caused increased concern for the US National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). For one thing, the Russian
Space Agency already has a hard time completing crucial supply
spacecraft for the International Space Station, but it has committed to
build a spacecraft for the PRC and help train PRC astronauts, possibly
making the space station a lower priority. Second, NASA has no ties
with the PRC and analysts suggest that Russia could funnel US
information to the PRC. Third, any improvements in PRC rockets means
more reliable PRC nuclear missiles. Charles Vick, space policy analyst
for the Federation of American Scientists, said, The Chinese space
program is a military program using military hardware and overseen by
the military. Jesco von Puttkamer, a technical advisor for NASA said,
When I was in Moscow last week, there was a public announcement by
Deputy Prime Minister Ilya Klebanov that Russia and China are
negotiating a deal for Russia to develop a manned space craft for China,
and for joint use of Russia´s GLONASS satellite navigation system.
Apparently, according to an RSC-Energia spokesman, RSC-E expects to play
´the leading role´ in Russia´s effort to help China´s manned space
program. Australia-based PRC observer Steven Pietrobon said that the
relationship between Russia and the PRC could mean more stability for
the International Space Station (ISS). Pietrobon said, If Russia can
earn some money from the Chinese, this is good because this will give
stability to a key partner in ISS. I guess how much NASA should worry
would depend on how much NASA trusts Russia to maintain its agreements.
Rick Fisher, a PRC analyst for the Jamestown Foundation, said that the
PRC´s People´s Liberation Army will look to the manned program to make
its missiles and rockets more reliable and to test electronics that
would be used in new spy satellites. Fisher said the impetus behind the
PRC surge is an attempt to prop up the ruling communist party. He said,
The manned space program is first and foremost a nationalist tool,
which the communist party will use to strengthen its nationalistic

5. PRC Response to US Missile Defense

9/8/01) reported that the PRC on September 7 called on the US to act
cautiously on its missile defense plans. The comments by PRC spokesman
Zhu Bangzao appeared to be a departure from previous assertions of
outright opposition to US missile defense plans. Zhu said that US plans
to develop its missile defense system were bound to damage the
international strategic balance and stability and harm the common
security of all countries. Zhu also noted contradictions in media
reports and official US government comments last week.

6. Cross-Strait Relations

9/10/01) reported that PRC Vice Premier Qian Qichen detailed on Monday
the freedoms that Taiwan would enjoy if it reunified with the mainland
under a formula applied to Hong Kong and Macao. Qian told a forum on
the PRC in the 21st Century that under one country, two systems,
Taiwan may continue to use the New Taiwan Dollar, retain its armed
forces, maintain its status as a separate customs territory and keep its
government structure. The mainland will not levy taxes in Taiwan, not
even one cent, nor will it take any money from Taiwan. The way of life
of the Taiwanese people will remain unchanged and Taiwan´s entrepreneurs
will have their properties intact. Taiwan will make independent choices
on personnel matters and the mainland will not send any official to take
office in Taiwan. However, Qian also stressed that Taiwan must accept
the one China principle, which he defined as: There is but one China
in the world; both the mainland and Taiwan belong to one China. He
added, As long as the Taiwan authorities agree to the one China
principle for the settlement of the Taiwan question, we have the
patience to wait. We cannot afford to renounce the use of force because
that would encourage Taiwan independence elements and would then make
peaceful reunification impossible to achieve. An official at the
Taiwan cabinet´s mainland affairs council said, The ´new´ proposals are
still unacceptable because China still sees the island as a province.

7. US-Japan Treaty Anniversary

The San Francisco Chronicle (Charles Burress, Ryan Kim, Elizabeth
Fernandez, WAR MEMORIES MAR PEACE OBSERVANCE, 09/09/01) reported that
the US and Japan on Saturday observed the 50th anniversary of their
Peace Treaty in a War Memorial Opera House ceremony. Japanese Foreign
Minister Makiko Tanaka stated, We have never forgotten that Japan
caused tremendous damage and suffering to the people of many countries
during the war.... The war has left an incurable scar on many people,
including former prisoners of war. I reaffirm today our feelings of
deep remorse and heartfelt apology expressed in Prime Minister
Murayama´s statement of 1995. Earlier, Tanaka and US Secretary of
State Colin Powell expressed sympathy for those who suffered in World
War II, but said that issues of compensation had been settled by the
Peace Treaty and other international agreements. More than 400 mostly
Chinese and Korean-Americans demonstrated outside, calling on Japan to
extend reparations to victims of the Nanjing massacre, former prisoners
of war, and former sexual slaves, among others. Also on Saturday, a
protest conference was held at the Miyako Hotel to discuss Japanese war
atrocities. Japanese consul general in San Francisco, Nobuaki Tanaka,
appeared at the conference and said that while he feels remorse for the
victims, the reparations issue has been settled. Consul Tanaka stated,
Japan´s government, on behalf of the people, apologizes. They (the
critics) don´t want to acknowledge that. San Francisco Superior Court
Judge Lillian Sing, co-chair of the Rape of Nanking Redress Coalition,
said that Japan should offer a national apology approved by the
parliament and signed by the prime minister. She said an apology should
also be accompanied by compensation for war victims and education
efforts to memorialize the atrocities. San Francisco Supervisor Leland
Yee said that he has recently introduced city legislation asking for an
apology from Japan and just compensation for war victims.

II. Republic of Korea

1. ROK-DPRK Talks

UPCOMING MINISTERIAL TALKS, Seoul, 09/10/01) reported that officials in
both the ROK and the DPRK are voicing optimism that the first inter-
Korean government-level talks in more than six months will yield fruits.
ROK President Kim Dae-jung said Saturday that the two Koreas will agree
on details of the plan to reconnect their cross-border railway during
the ministerial talks scheduled for September 15-18 in Seoul. It will
be in the near future that we´ll be able to go to Pyongyang by train,
Kim said during a visit to the Kyonggi Provincial Government in Suwon.

2. DPRK Arms Control

Seoul, 09/10/01) reported that a recent study showed that the DPRK has
imported US$344.3 million worth of various weapons from the PRC, Japan,
Russia and Poland since 1991. The weapons they purchased were mainly
MIG-29 fighters, IL-76 transport planes, tank parts and navigation
devices. The amount of imported weapons has been on the rise 1996 and
finally crossed the US$100million barrier in 2000, compared with 1995,
when the amount of imports dived to US$6.7million. According to the
research submitted by the ROK Ministry of National Defense as part of an
Assembly inspection to the Millennium Democratic Party´s Park Sang-gyu,
the DPRK imported US$22 million and US$54 million in 1991 and 1992,
respectively. Later, however, spending decreased to 1995´s US$6.7
million before sequentially increasing purchases with US$11 million in
1996, US$23 million in 1997, US$50 million in 1998 and US$70 million in
1999. Over the same period, the DPRK has exported US$914million worth
of weapons including missiles and missile parts, missile launching pads,
machine guns, field guns and ammunition. The study also showed that
export volume has been rising since the late 1990´s: US$60 million in
197, US$63 million in 1999 and US$60 million in 2000.

3. US-ROK Military Sales

The Korea Times (Kim Kwang-tae, KOREA CAN´T INTEGRATE US WEAPONS,
9/10/01) reported that the US said that it would not help integrate US
weapons and cryptographic systems should the ROK buy non-US aircraft for
its next-generation fighter program, code-named F-X. In a report by the
ROK Defense Ministry to Representative Kang Chang-sung of the ROK´s
opposition Grand National Party (GNP) for parliamentary inspection, the
ministry said that it received a letter dated May 25 from the US Defense
Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) to that effect. Edward W. Ross,
director for the Middle East, Asia, and North Africa at the DSCA,
responded to an ROK Air Force inquiry via the ROK Embassy in Washington,
At this time, we can´t respond positively to your request for Letters
of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs) for the integration of various US weapon
systems on the Eurofighter- Typhoon, Rafale, or Su-35 fighter aircraft.
Ross said in the letter that before he could approve any LOA for
munitions, integration, or support packages for the Rafale or
Eurofighter Typhoon, it would be necessary to address the full range of
technology transfer and release issues on a weapon-by-weapon, platform-
to-platform basis. Paul Wolfowitz, US deputy secretary of defense, also
answered negatively to an inquiry by US Representative J. D. Hayworth of
Arizona on the potential integration of the US-made AIM-120 advanced
medium air-to-air missiles (AMRAAM) with the French Rafale for potential
sale to the ROK. [Ed. note: This article appeared in the US Department
of Defense´s Early Bird news service for September 10, 2001.]

III. Japan

1. Japan-ROK Relations

PRESIDENT, Seoul, 04/09/01, 4) reported that ROK President Kim Dae-
jung, in a meeting with the Asahi Shinbun president, Shinichi Hakoshima,
expressed his willingness to restore the Japan-ROK relationship. Kim
also stated that the Japanese Prime Minister´s visit to Yasukuni shrine
and history textbook issues should be solved by Japanese action,
implying the importance of Japanese efforts to improve the circumstances
before a Japan-ROK summit.

The Asashi Shinbun (RE-EXAMINE JAPANESE DIPLOMACY, Tokyo, 05/09/2001,
4) reported that a request to restore the Japan-ROK relationship has
come from politicians and scholars in the ROK and the US, who are
anxious that the worsening dispute over the Yasukuni shrine and history
textbook issues would have a negative influence on the cooperation
system among the US, Japan, and ROK on how to cope with the DPRK. US
Ambassador to Japan Christenson argued that the 1994 Agreed Framework
would not work effectively in a situation of fragile cooperation among
the US, Japan and the ROK.

2. Japan-PRC Relations

Beijing, 05/09/2001, 4) reported that the PRC vice-president, in a
meeting with ex-Japanese prime minister Morihiro Hosokawa, urged Japan
to take any action to restore the Sino-Japanese relationship damaged by
the visit of the Japanese prime minister to Yasukuni shrine and the
history textbook issue.


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Gee Gee Wong: napsnet@nautilus.org
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For Tuesday, September 11, 2001, from Berkeley, California, USA

This week on the Nautilus homepage:
* PRIME signs on as NAPSNet partner for Japan
* Nautilus explores ethical governance role for California in
international trade and investment regimes
* Boosters graduate after final summer overnighter aboard Pegasus
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