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The 100th Anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party and North Korea’s Congratulatory Message Diplomacy: Implications for North Korea-China Relations and the Development of North Korea

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Author Lee, Jae Young
Publish Date / Page 2021-07-12 / 13 p.
Series No. CO 21-19(E)
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On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), North Korea demonstrated through its congratulatory message diplomacy that the friendship in North Korea-China relations will focus more on its role promoting the construction of socialism rather than promoting regional peace in Northeast Asia. Though various interpretations of North Korea’s congratulatory message diplomacy are possible, it is difficult to completely disregard the possibility that Kim Jong-un is preparing for negotiations with the U.S. and the Korean Peninsula Peace Process after elevating the relationship between North Korea and China to a new level through summit meetings. There is a need to observe whether the spring of peace in 2018 returns as the spring of peace in 2022. Meanwhile, the perceptions of China in countries involved in the Korean Peninsula Peace Process, including the U.S. and Japan, have become more negative before and after the 100th anniversary of the CCP, while North Korea blatantly sides with China. This dynamic of confrontation between South Korea, the U.S., and Japan on the one hand and North Korea, China, and Russia on the other in which each side holds the other side in check will inhibit the two Koreas from taking the initiative on the Korean Peninsula Peace Process. Lastly, there is a need to persuade Kim Jong-un that North Korea can emulate the democratic and prosperous aspects of South Korea, rather than follow the Chinese model based on the institutionalization of politics and the comprehensive leadership of the CCP, to shatter the belief that North Korea can prosper only through nuclear weapons, the construction of socialism, and its blood alliance with China.